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न्युयोर्कमा २५ लाख डलर मूल्यको सुनको सार्वजनिक ट्वाइलेट (भिडियो र तस्विर)


प्रकाशित मिति : आश्विन ८, २०७३ शनिबार

 

तपाईलाई कहिल्यै सुनको ट्वाइलेट प्रयोग गर्ने रहर छ ? यदि तपाई न्युयोर्कमा हुनुहुन्छ वा न्युयोर्क घुम्न जाने योजना बनाउनुभएको छ भने अब तपाईको त्यो रहर पूरा हुने भएको छ । न्युयोर्कको गुगेनहाइम म्युजियममा १८ क्यारेट सुनको सार्वजनिक ट्वाइलेट बनाइएको छ । अमेरिका नाम दिइएको यो ट्वाइलेट म्युजियमको पाँचौं तल्लामा रहेको सार्वजनिक बाथरुमभित्र राखिएको छ । मौरिजिनो क्याटलिन नामका कलाकारले डिजाइन गरेको यो ट्वाइलेट सर्वसाधारणले प्रयोग गर्न सक्नेछन् । यो ट्वाइलेट संसारको सबैभन्दा महँगो सार्वजनिक ट्वाइलेट भएको र यसो मूल्य २५ लाख अमेरिकी डलरसम्म पर्ने बताइएको छ । म्युजियम घुम्न जानेहरुले यो ट्वाइलेट प्रयोग गर्न पाउनेछन् ।
तस्विर ः एपी, गेटी

a-fully-functioning-solid-gold-toilet-1 a-fully-functioning-solid-gold-toilet oct-07-18-karat-gold-toilet tomkins-gold-toilet-1200

a-fully-functioning-solid-gold-toilet-1 a-fully-functioning-solid-gold-toilet oct-07-18-karat-gold-toilet tomkins-gold-toilet-1200

कुन देशमा कस्ता ट्वाइलेट ?

Belgium, brussels 7 november 2014 Rosalie Dirven (9) at the toilets of her school in brussels
बेल्जियम
New York, USA - SEPTEMBER 25, 2014: Mary Dennis with her toilet. CREDIT: Shiho Fukada/Panos pictures for WSUP
न्युयोर्क, अमेरिका ।
Background information on sanitation in Brazil: According to the latest available official demographic census conducted in 2010 by the government-based IBGE institute, in Brazil 2,64% of the permanent private homes have no access to bathroom or basic sanitation (it was 6,96% in the previous census, ten years earlier). Brazil’s huge regional disparity is also seen through these indicators. In the Northeast region, 7,81% of the homes have no sanitation (20,88% in 2000), whereas in the Southeast region, more industrialised, the figure is 0,38% (1,26% in 2000). Focusing on the wealthiest region alone, the Southeast, the two main states also show some differences. The state of Sao Paulo, Brazil’s powerhouse, has only 0,07% of its homes without sanitation (0,23% in 2000), whereas in Rio de Janeiro, 0,13% (0,52% in 2000). Now looking at the State of Rio de Janeiro, in an article from August 2013 in Rio’s main newspaper, O Globo, more specific figures from an official 2012 report conducted by the state company for water and sewage, CEDAE, shows that only 39,2% of the population from the municipalities with which CEDAE has contracts offer sewerage systems. The company says it charges for sewage treatment in 3 municipalities from Rio de Janeiro State (Rio, São Gonçalo e Maricá) even though it has contracts with 33 municipalities. And in 21 neighbourhoods from the city of Rio’s West Zone, despite paying for CEDAE’s service, the sewage is poured into pluvial galleries. The city of Rio de Janeiro, according to official federal figures (Minitry of the Cities 2011), even though 77,8% of the population has access to CEDAE’s network, only 51,9% of the sewage is treated. But in other municipalities of Rio de Janeiro State, like Queimados at Baixada Fluminense and other 20 cities with contracts with CEDAE, there’s no treatment at all. This set of pictures for WSUP’s exhibition to take place in London in November 2014, I decided to portray a little bit of Braz
ब्राजिल
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बंगालादेश
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कम्बोडिया
September 8, 2014. Alice Mulopa (48) and her toilet in Kanyama, Lusaka. WSUP "My Toilet" Project. Sanitation. Water. Lusaka, Zambia. Picture: JAMES OATWAY
जाम्बिया
August 19, 2014. Assucena Guamba (14) stands near her toilet in Chamanculo D. The poor state of sanitation in Maputo, Mozambique. WSUP "My Toilet" project. Picture: JAMES OATWAY/ Panos.
मोजाम्बिक
22 Sept 2014 / Rural dweller "Renee", an artist, left her former home in the densely populated suburbs of Sydney to live a quieter life in bush surrounds an hours north of the city. She has built a shed on 10 acres of land and also included an outside toilet/bathroom. She says she's not concerned about privacy as she's surrounded by bush and no one can see in. As she's away from the town water /sewage system her toilets and other wastes are flushed into septic holding tanks. Pic, Warren Clarke.
अष्ट्रेलिया
Pauline Roberts has worked at Britain's oldest bathroom factory, Arrmitage Shanks in Armitage, Staffordshire, for 22 years. She inspects the products in their 'clay' state and attaches the logos as the come off the assembly line.
बेलायत
Adama Mohammed, pictured on 22 September 2014, sells omelettes at breakfast time and rice at lunch outside her home in Kumasi, Ghana. As she has no toilet at home, she must walk some distance and pay to use a public toilet, of which she says, "With the public toilet, because of the stench, I always have to take a bath and change after using it, before I can be among people and sell my rice. There's even the possibility of contracting a disease because of the number of people who use it, and the heat that emanates from the toilet."
घाना
Eunice, co-founder of an academy in Kasarani, Navaisha in front of the latrines built especially for kids on September 3,2014. Eunice says : " Parents enrol their kids here because of our child friendly toilets "
केन्या
Pana Dumitra, 49, from Buzescu, lives as almost half of the Romanian population do in the country side. There is no running water neither sewage from the municipality. People have wells, they extract electrically the water which is used for kitchen and sometimes they also build inside toilets. Dumitra is also having a inside small toilet, but it's been used only by her nephews, when they pay a visit. She is using only the outside toilet, even in the winter time.
रोमानिया
Eiko Aoki 61 sits on a chair in front of bathroom at a department store near her home in Tokyo. In this department store, the bathroom is called a "switch room" because they want this space to be a special place where people can switch their mood and feel relaxed. Each bathroom/switch room has spacious with soft lighting, WiFi access, 3D surround music, heated seat and washlet / electric toilet seats with water spray for washing anal and genital cleansing. Eiko, a house wife in Tokyo says "Since this department store is close to my home, I often come here for shopping. When I was a child, public toilet was not clean and smelled not good most of the time. But now every time I use a public toilet in Tokyo, its very clean and has washlet. I myself use toilet with washlet and heat seat in my home almost 25 years ago".
जापान
Cap-Haïtien, HAITI - SEPTEMBER 11, 2014: Dorcély Mirlanda, 15, in front of her school toilet. CREDIT: Shiho Fukada/Panos pictures for WSUP
हैटी
Fabiola Vega, 69, lives in Cumbayá, a valley near Quito, Ecuador. She grew up in a time when there was only one bathroom to serve many families. From the time she was 7 until she turned 21 she had to share a bathroom with no shower with 20 other people who lived in her condominium (these were apartments that had a patio in the center, the bathroom was usually near the patio so everyone could see when it was occupied.) She now lives in an apartment with five bathrooms. Her bathroom is the biggest one. Fabi loves her house, she enjoys landscaping and has a special relationship with her plants.
इक्वेडर
Geeta Devi from Katra Shaganj village walks almost five to Six kms from her house to go to nearby fields to go for toilet everyday early morning and late evening.
भारत
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दक्षिण अफ्रिका
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थाइल्याण्ड

तस्विर : हफिंगटन पोष्ट

 

   न्युयोर्क स्टेट, डिपार्टमेन्ट अफ स्टेट, डिभिजन अफ कर्पोरेशन, दर्ता नम्बर: ५२५५२५८

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